Erica Robles

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Erica Robles, Assistant Professor of Media, Culture, and Communication at NYU.


Erica Reyna Robles focuses on the role media technologies play in the production of space. In particular, she concentrates on configurations that enable a sense of public, collective, or shared experience, especially through the structuring of visibility and gaze. Trained as both an experimental psychologist and a cultural historian she has employed a range of methodologies to explore the definition of media-space. She is currently writing a book about the 20th century transformation of Protestant worship space into a highly mediated, spectacular "mega-church."

Prior to her position at Steinhardt she was a Research Fellow in New Media and Architecture in joint affiliation with the Department of Culture and Media and the Humanities and Technology Laboratory (HUMlab) at the University of Umeå, in Sweden. Robles holds a Ph.D. in Communication from Stanford University.


  • Seminar in Media, Culture, and Communication (M.A. Core)
  • Cultural History of the Screen: From the Cinematic to the Handheld (Undergraduate)
  • Architecture as Media (Graduate)
  • Architecture as Media (Undergraduate)


  • Wiberg, M. & Robles, E., (2010). Computational compositions: Aesthetics, materiality, and interaction design. International Journal of Design, 4(2), 65 - 76.
  • Robles, E., & Wiberg, M. (2010). Texturing the “material turn” in interaction design. Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction., ACM Press., 137-144.
  • Groom, V. Nass, C., Chen, T., Nielsen, A., Scarborough, J., & Robles, E. (2009). Evaluating the effects of behavioral realism in embodied agents. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 67(10), 842 – 849.
  • Danniger, M., Robles, E., Sukumaran, A., & Nass, C. (2009). The Connector Service: Representing availability for mobile communication. In A.Waibel and R. Steifelhagen (Eds.), CHIL: Computers in the Human Interaction Loop (pp. 235 – 256). Dordrecht, Springer-Verlag.
  • Robles, E., Nass, C., & Kahn, A. (2009). The social life of information displays: On the psychology of screens. Human Computer Interaction, 24(1), 48 – 78.
  • Williams, A. Robles, E. & Dourish, P. (2008). Urbane-ing the city: Examining and refining the assumptions behind urban informatics. In M. Foth (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Urban Informatics: The practice and promise of the real-time city (pp. 1 – 20). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, IGI Global.
  • Robles, E., Sukumaran, A., Rickertsen, K., & Nass, C. (2006). Being watched or being special: How I learned to stop worrying and love being monitored, surveilled and assessed. Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Computer Human Interaction (CHI), 831-839.
  • Danniger, M., Robles, E., Takayama, L., Wang, Q., Kluge, T., Stiefelhagen, R., Nass, C., & Waibel, A. (2006). The Connector Service: Predicting availability in mobile contexts. Proceedings of the 2006 Workshop on Multimodal Interaction and Related Machine Learning Algorithms (MLMI), 129-141.
  • Nass, C., Robles, E., & Wang, Q. (2004). “User as assessor” approach to embodied conversational agents (ECAs): The case of apparent attention in ECAs. In Z. Ruttkay & C. Pelachaud (Eds.), From Brows To Trust: Evaluating Embodied Conversational Agents (pp. 161 – 188). Dordrecht: Kluwer Press.
  • Chi, E.H., Cousins, S., Rosien, A., Supattanasiri, G., Williams, A., Royer, C., Chow, C., Robles, E., Dalal, B., Chen, J. (2003). The bloodhound project: Automating discovery of web usability issues using the InfoScent simulator. Proceedings of Conference on Computer Human Interaction (CHI ), 505-512.
  • Nass, C., Robles, E., Bienstock, H., Treinen, M., & Heenan, C. (2003). Voice-based disclosure systems: Effects of modality, gender of prompt, and gender of user. International Journal of Speech Technology, 6(2), 113-121.

Further Reading