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A protocyborg used by Chris Gray to describe a cyborg that "lacks full embodiment"[1]. The prefix "proto" comes from Greek form of protos, or "first". [2], meaning that protocyborg as a term would describe an early or first cyborg.

From a modern standpoint, Steve Mann's early prosthesis was an attempt at an early cyborg model. Today, much of Mann's capability is embedded into everyday cell phones and networks, making the modern industrial human subject fully embodied cyborgs. Though neither Mann or his collaborators do not have subdermal implants, their use of technology is extremely symbiotic and is very much a part of them. Their consciousness minds have extended to also include the prosthetics that are omnipresent on their bodies.


  1. Gray, Chris Hables, ed. The Cyborg Handbook. New York: Routledge, 1995. Pg. 14.
  2. Harper, Douglas. Online Etymology Dictionary. Accessed 22 Sept 2012.