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Small portable recording devices have given us the growing phenomenon of Sousveillance. The term comes from the French "sous" (from below) and "viller" (to watch). To Watch from Below.[1] Sousveillance is a term first coined by wearable computing pioneer Steve Mann to describe the inverse of surveillance. "Rather than tolerating terrorism as a feedback means to restore the balance (of society)," says Mann, "an alternative framework would be to build a stable system to begin with, e.g. a system that is self-balancing. Such a society may be built with sousveillance (inverse surveillance) as a way to balance the increasing (and increasingly one-sided) surveillance."[2] A citizen taking a mobile phone video in order to show evidence of a crime is an example of Sousveillance.

Related Reading

Steve Mann


  1. - World Sousveillance Day.
  2. "Sousveillance": inverse surveillance in multimedia imaging. Steve Mann, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Published in Proceedings of the 12th annual ACM international conference on Multimedia. ACM New York, NY, USA, 2004.