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SOAN 390 - CYBORG ANTHROPOLOGY: Anthropology of Science and Technology
INSTRUCTOR: DEBORAH HEATH
MW 6:00pm-7:30pm, Howard 203
Office: Howard 350 - Tel.: x7663, 7616; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Office hours: M 1:30-2:30, W 1:30-3:30, and by appointment; via email at any time.
(Please let me know in advance by email if you need to reschedule an appointment.)
This course will examine recent work in the emerging field of anthropology of science and technology. We will take as our point of departure two tropes.
The first is the image of the cyborg, and other hybrids produced by the merging of organism and machine, or of humans and their tools. The classic text is Donna Haraway’s 1985 essay “A Cyborg Manifesto.” This will lead to questions about the prosthetic devices that extend human agency, about the complex networks of association that link human and nonhuman allies, and about who is included or excluded from those networks.
The second, drawing from later work by Haraway, beginning with her collection Primate Visions, from Bruno Latour’s new book Politics of Nature, is the image of nature/culture, a perspective that sees the natural and cultural dimensions as inextricably linked. (See also my co-edited volume Genetic NatureCulture, Univ. of California Press, 2004). This is a vision that leads us towards organismal hybrid relations between humans and other species, or humans and microbial life forms, or humans and their varied environments.
Both of these trajectories instantiate a fully relational perspective that embraces complexities and resists reductionistic categorizations. Learning to think in this manner, struggling to see what links phenomena we have learned to see as separate and contradictory, will be the central task that we undertake together in this course. We will work to see the networks and practices that link Science and Society, Fact and Artifact, Truth and Value, Nature and Culture, (hegemonic) Self and (subaltern) Other, recognizing how binaries are constructed and sustained, and whose interests are served by reproducing those divisions.
We will read a great deal, with “texts” that include science fiction as well as cultural analyses of technoscientific fact, films as well as written works, and time spent with each other and with other worlds on line.
- 1. BE HERE. As a seminar member, your presence is an essential ingredient. With once-a-week meetings, it's imperative that you aim for a perfect attendance record. Please notify me before class in the event of medical/personal emergencies. In addition to your f2f (face-to-face) presence in class, you'll want to make regular virtual appearances on the class listserv.
- 2. BE PREPARED. A good seminar experience relies on everyone having carefully read (and re-read) and reflected on the week's readings in advance. Bring the text(s), and your notes, summaries and questions to each class. Please prepare a typed paragraph with comments and/or questions in response to the readings for each class.
- 3. BE ENGAGED. In person, and in writing, you will want to demonstrate your critical engagement with the readings (and their wider contexts), with each other (productively and respectfully), and with me. (Stay in touch: in class, on line, during office hours). I am (passionately) interested in evidence of your curiosity, and promise to respond in kind.
- 4. BE ON TIME. In class and on assignments. Please spare me the surveillance role; I'd rather devote my energies to you and your ideas.
- Midterm, Week 8.
- Research Paper, due finals week. Approximately 20pp., typed, double-spaced, proofread.
Articles not found in The Cyborg Handbook will be on electronic reserve. In addition we will read the following books:
- Kristin Adal, Brita Brenna, and Ingunn Moser, Eds. Technoscience: The Politics of Intervention. Oslo: Unipub, 2007
- Tom Boellstorf, Coming of Age in Second Life: An Anthropologist Explores the Virtually Human. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008
- Chris Hables Gray, Heidi Figuroa-Sarriera, Steven Mentor, Eds. The Cyborg Handbook. New York and London: Routledge, 1996.
- Donna Haraway, Thyrza and Nichols Goodeve, How Like a Leaf: An Interview with Donna Haraway. New York and London: Routledge, 1999.
- Bruno Latour, Science in Action. Boston, MA: Harvard, 1987 [Excerpts, on reserve]
- Marge Piercy, He, She and It. New York: Fawcett, 1993.
- Peter Redfield, Space in the Tropics. Berkeley: University of California, 2000
We will also view the following films, for which you’ll take notes, and be prepared to discuss their relevance to the readings and broader topics of discussion in the course:
- Bedtime for Bonzo. Director: Frederick de Cordova. 1951. (83 min.)
- Bladerunner. Director: Ridley Scott. 1999 (Original, 1982) (117 min.)
- Donna Haraway Reads the National Geographics of Primates. New York, NY: Paper Tiger Television, 1987 (30 min.)
- GATTACA. 1997 (101 min.)
- Haraway, Donna. 1985/1991. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century.” Pp. 149-182 in Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge.
- Deborah Heath, 1998a “Bodies, Antibodies and Modest Interventions: Works of Art in the Age of Cyborgian Reproduction.” In Gary Downey and Joseph Dumit, eds. Cyborgs and Citadels: Anthropological Interventions in the Borderlands of Technoscience. Santa Fe NM: School of American Research.
- Week 1 9/3 Introductions
- Week 2 9/8 Marge Piercy, He, She, and It (Ch. 1-12); Chris Gray, et al., Eds. The Cyborg Handbook, Ch. 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 (Manfred Clynes and Nathan Kline, originators of the term “cyborg”). An overview of the Golem narrative, with additional links: http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/golem.html
9/10 He, She, and It (Ch. 13-25); Chris Gray, ed. The Cyborg Handbook, Forward by Donna Haraway
- Week 3 9/15 Marge Piercy, He, She, and It (Ch. 26-38); Donna Haraway and T. N. Goodeve How Like a Leaf, Ch. 1-3
9/17 He, She, and It (Ch. 39-49)
- Week 4 9/22 Donna Haraway, "A Cyborg Manifesto;" Chris Gray, ed. The Cyborg Handbook, Ch. 5.1
9/24 Donna Haraway and T. N. Goodeve How Like a Leaf, Ch. 4-5, Coda; Chris Gray, ed. The Cyborg Handbook, Ch. 5.3, 5.4 (Cyborg Anthropology)
- Week 5 9/ 29 Kristin Asdal, et al., Eds., Technoscience: The Politics of Intervention, “The Politics of Intervention: A History of STS”
10/1 Susan Leigh Star, “Power, Technology, and the Phenomenology of Conventions: On Being Allergic to Onions”, and Donna Haraway, “Situated Knowledges” in Asdal, et al., Eds.
- Week 6 10/6 Deborah Heath, “Bodies, Antibodies and Modest Interventions”, in Asdal, et al., Eds., and Michael Flower & Deborah Heath, “Microanatomopolitics” [on reserve]
10/8 Independent study session
- Week 7 10/13 Bruno Latour, Science in Action, [Ch. 1-2, Rules of Method, Principles. On reserve]; Bruno Latour, “To Modernize or Ecologize?” and Michel Callon, “Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St. Brieuc Bay,” in Asdal, et al., Eds.
10/15 De Laet and Mol, “The Zimbabwe Bush Pump,” and Ingunn Moser and John Law, “Good Passages, Bad Passages,” in Asdal, et al., Eds.
- Week 8 10/20 Midterm presentations
10/22 Midterm presentations
- Week 9 10/27 Tom Boellstorf, Coming of Age in Second Life, Ch. 1-3
10/29 Boellstorf, Ch. 4-6
- Week 10 11/3 Boellstorf, Ch. 7-9
11/5 Film: GATTACA
- Week 11 11/10 Peter Redfield, Space in the Tropics, Ch. 1-3
11/12 Redfield, Ch. 4-6
- Week 12 11/17 Redfield, Ch. 7-9
11/19 Heather Horst, “The blessings and burdens of communication: cell phones in Jamaican transnational social fields,” Global Networks 6(2):143-159 [on reserve]
- Week 13 11/24 Film: Bedtime for Bonzo. Donna Haraway, Primate Visions, Ch. 7, “Apes in Eden, Apes in Space” [on reserve] 11/26 Independent study session
- Week 14 12/1 Film: Donna Haraway Reads the National Geographics of Primates. Donna Haraway, Primate Visions, Ch. 3, “Teddy Bear Patriarchy”
12/3 Hugh Gusterson, “Short Circuit: Watching Television with a Nuclear Weapons Scientist,” and Ken Robins and Les Levidow, “Socializing the Cyborg Self” in Chris Gray, et al., Eds. The Cyborg Handbook.
- Week 15 12/8 Teaching Evaluations. Sandy Stone, “Split Subjects, Not Atoms; or, How I Fell in Love With My Prosthesis,” and Chela Sandoval, “New Sciences: Cyborg Feminism and the Methodology of the Oppressed,” in Chris Gray, et al., Eds. The Cyborg Handbook.
12/10 LAST DAY OF CLASS. Presentations
- Final Exam Period: Monday, 12/15, 6-9pm Presentations
Academic Integrity: I will assume that you have read, understood, and upheld Lewis & Clark’s Academic Integrity Policy (www.lclark.edu/~stlife) in all our work for this course. Among other things, the policy prohibits all forms of plagiarism and cheating in your coursework. YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR READING THIS POLICY. A good source of information about avoiding plagiarism is http://www.lclark.edu/~writing/need%20to%20cite/need_text.htm
Anthropology Citation Style: Careful, correct citation practices help boost your immunity to accidental plagiarism. The key principle is that if someone else is the source or inspiration for what you write, they should receive credit. Each discipline handles the details of citation differently. The LC Writing Center website summarizes the standard form used in anthropology: <http://lclark.edu/~writing/citing/cite.htm>. Click on “Style for Anthropology.” (For more details, see the website of the American Anthropological Association: http://www.aaanet.org/publications/guidelines.cfm, scrolling down to the heading "Text Citations and References Cited.")
Yes, type it, and PROOFREAD, please! Formal work will be typed with normal margins, double-spaced (no, not 1.5), and PROOFREAD. Please strive to hand in clean work so that I can focus on your ideas. Make me happy by avoiding these grammatical faux pas: run-on sentences (NO comma splices!), incorrect use of “it’s”, rampant spelling errors (use spell check or a friendly human editor).
Key elements of successful writing: See the LC Writing Center, on-line or on site, for a treasure trove of writing tips. Let me know what kind of feedback will help you most. I will look for the following in evaluating formal writing:
- 1. Creativity in selecting a topic or approach
- 2. Anthropological focus, relevance to course material
- 3. Coherence and clarity
- 4. Convincing use of appropriate examples or evidence
- 5. Lively use of language
- 6. Good flow in the progression of ideas
- 7. Editing to eliminate surface errors: grammar, syntax, punctuation
- Accommodating Learning Differences: I am most willing to learn from you how you learn best, and to help you strategize to do your best work. If you have a diagnosed learning difference, or wonder whether you might, contact Dale Holloway in Student Support Services, x7175. She will help determine the accommodations you need, and will notify your instructors.